What is agroforestry?
Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees, hedgerows or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland. Agroforestry production systems can deliver a wide range of products and goods including important ecosystem services, and they are of particular interest for organic and low-input farmers.
Livestock and trees
Livestock production and trees can be combined in a so-called Silvopastoral system which offers two benefits to the animals:
- Enhanced animal welfare due to shade and shelter from the trees
- Alternative feed resources from tree fodder
SOLID Technical Note: Agroforestry for livesstock systems
Jo Smith, Organic Research Center, UK:
Agroforestry: Integrated livestock and trees
Goods delivered by agroforestry systems (examples)
- Agricultural products
- Fodder and forage
Ecosystems services delivered by agroforestry systems
- Soil and water protection
- Climate change mitigation