What is agroforestry?

Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees, hedgerows or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland. Agroforestry production systems can deliver a wide range of products and goods including important ecosystem services, and they are of particular interest for organic and low-input farmers.

agro-forestry cows

Livestock and trees

Livestock production and trees can be combined in a so-called Silvopastoral system which offers two benefits to the animals:

  • Enhanced animal welfare due to shade and shelter from the trees
  • Alternative feed resources from tree fodder

Read more:
SOLID Technical Note: Agroforestry for livesstock systems 
Jo Smith, Organic Research Center, UK:
Agroforestry: Integrated livestock and trees

Agroforestry figure

 Goods delivered by agroforestry systems (examples)

  • Agricultural products
  • Fodder and forage
  • Biofuels
  • Fiber
  • Timber

Ecosystems services delivered by agroforestry systems

  • Soil and water protection
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate change mitigation

Aberdeen køer i skov web

Cows in the willows

willows agro forestry

How to improve sustainable organic and low-input dairying